While working on that incredibly large blanket for my mother, I got really good at single crochet stitches, and got really bored with single crochet stitches. I have not completed another project of the same magnitude with a just one kind of stitch; when I make blankets now, I make them smaller and tend to use a variety of stitches.
I cannot understate just how important single, half-double, double and triple crochet stitches are. You will want to take the time to practice these stitches, make these stitches until all your stitches look the same. I promise it is worth it.
When I described how to make single crochet stitches, I explained that stitches can be made in the front-loop, in the back-loop, or through both loops. This is also true for the stitches that I will show you today. However, now and in future tutorials, I will go through both loops, this is the more traditional way to make projects.
Half-double crochet stitches
In these photos I created a row of single crochet stitches and built the half-double, double and triple crochet stitches onto that row.
When making half-double crochets you start with a chain, of one or two stitches. Most instructions will tell you to start with two chains, I like to start with a chain of one. Because I’m different.
When you turn your project, you will need to decide which stitch on the row below you want to crochet into. It is most often recommended that you begin working into the second stitch of the first row. The chains created serve as the first stitch in the row. You can choose to begin working in the first stitch in the row, I do, this is why I only chain one (for half-double crochet stitches).
Unlike with a single crochet, to make a half-double (and double) crochet you will need to yarn-over (once) before you insert your hook under both loops. Once your hook is under both loops, you will need to yarn-over and pull the yarn up, you will now have three (3) loops on your hook. To finish the half-double crochet, you will yarn-over and then pull through all three loops on the hook. Pulling through all three loops will leave you with one loop on your hook, and a completed half-double crochet stitch. You will repeat this process all the way down the row.
double crochet stitches
When making double crochet stiches you start with a chain, of two or three chains. Most instructions will tell you to start with three chains. Starting with two will make your edges tighter, which may or may not be something you like. I mentioned that double crochet stitches start the same way as half-double crochet stitches.
You will need to yarn-over and insert your hook under both loops of the stitch in the row below. As I explained with the half-double crochet, you can begin your row in the first stitch of the row below or the second. With double crochet stitches, unlike half-double crochet stitches, I start my double crochet in the second stitch of the row below. I count the three chains at the beginning of the row as the first double crochet of the row. There is an active conversation about which is the “right” place to start your row and whether you should count the chains as a stitch. I don’t think that everyone will ever agree, so you get to decide. Just make sure that you keep it consistent throughout your project and count your stitches.
Then you will need to yarn-over and pull-up, you will now have three loops on the hook, just as with the half-double crochet, but here is where the stitches differ.
When you yarn-over to pull through the loops, you will only pull through the first two loops on the hook. This will leave you with two loops on the hook. You will yarn-over and pull through the remaining two loops on the hook. You have just completed a double crochet stitch. Now repeat.
Ch 3, y-o, insert hook, y-o, pull-up, y-o, pull through two, y-o, pull through two.
When you get to the end of the row you will need to make your last stitch in the top chain of your turning chain. Double crochet, chain three, turn and begin your next row.
triple crochet stitches
Triple crochet, also referred to as treble crochet, starts with three or four chains. When you start half-double and double crochet stitch, you begin by yarning over once, but with triple crochet stitches, you will yarn-over twice.
You will insert your hook into the second stitch of the row below, just like with the double crochet stitches.
Then you will yarn-over and pull-up, this will leave you with four loops on your hook. You will yarn-over and pull through two loops, three loops left on hook. You will yarn-over and pull through two loops, two loops left on hook. Yarn-over and pull through the final two loops.
Now you have created a triple crochet. Repeat across the row.
Chain four, insert hook, yarn-over, pull-up, yarn-over, pull through two, yarn-over, pull through two, yarn-over, pull through two.
Now you have learned now to make the four foundation stitches: single, half-double, double and triple crochet stitches. Do you have techniques for creating these stitches that I didn’t mention? Have questions still about how to make these stitches? Let’s talk!