Foundation Stitches: The Single Crochet Stitch

The first crochet project I ever started was a blanket for my mother’s birthday. A blanket as a first project is not what I would recommend, start smaller. If you do decide to make a blanket as your first project, I would not make it in a single crochet stitch, like I did. Single crochet is one of the foundation stitches in crochet. When created it makes a small knot, that sometimes looks like a small flower.

After creating a traditional chain you can build stitches onto the chain. If you are using a pattern it might read chain (ch) 26, turn, single crochet (sc) 25 stitches. You will see that you chained 26, but you will end up with only 25 single crochet stitches, why is this? Well, if you tried to crochet into the last chain that you may just cause yourself to undo the final chain.


However, the more traditional answer is that the final chain becomes the “step” up to the next row. In crochet this chain is called the turning chain (t-ch). So, we will begin creating our first single crochet in the second to last chain.


The chains, as you can see, look like a sideways zero, or an eyeball, to me they have always looked like hearts. I will use the heart description. To begin the single crochet, insert your hook into the middle of the heart and push the top side of the heart over the crochet hook. You can see that you will have two loops on your hook.

Next, you are going to yarn-over (yo), take your crochet hook, place it under the yarn and loop the yarn over the hook, of the crochet hook.


Now you will pull the yarn through both loops on the hook.

That is how you create a single crochet. You will repeat this across the chain. Insert hook into the middle of the heart, push one loop of the chain over the hook. There will be two loops on the hook. Yarn-over and pull the yarn through the two loops on the hook.


After you have completed a series of single crochet stitches across the chain, it will be time to turn the project again. Flat projects must be turned at the end of each row because it is very difficult to crochet backward across the row, turning the project makes it easy to create the next row.

As I was explaining previously, at the end of each row we need to create a step up to begin the next row, in other words, we need to make one chain at the end of the row. When we turn to make our second row of single crochet we have three ways we can create the row.  Along the top of our single crochet you can see the hearts, like the hearts of the chain, these hearts will appear on the top of all crochet stitches.



When you are crocheting, these are referred to as front-loop, back-loop and both loops. The back-loop is the loop that is nearest the body when crocheting, the front-loop the other. When you crochet you can crochet through just the front-loop, just the back-loop, alternate between front and back-loops, or crochet through both loops.

Crocheting through the front or back-loops will create stripes across the project. When you alternate between crocheting in the back-loop and the front-loop the stripes will stay on one side of the project, the side with the stripes can be referred to as the right side (RS) and the back, without stripes can be referred to as the wrong side (WS).


If you crochet in only the back-loop or only the front-loop then the stripes will appear on both sides of the project, on the RS and the WS. You can see that the stripes created by alternating loops or by only crocheting in one loop are different. I prefer the stripes when they appear on both sides, i.e. when I crochet in the back-loop only.

The final way to create single crochet is by crocheting through both loops. Crocheting through both loops with not create any stripes, because there will not be one loop left, which is how the stripes are made. Crocheting through both loops creates a tighter project.

Now you know how to create a single crochet, one of the foundation stitches in crochet.

Do you have other advice on how to create single crochet? Do you have a favorite project made in single crochet? Still have questions about single crochet you need answered? Let’s talk!



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